Here’s a fact. About 537 million people worldwide and 34.2 million people in the US are living with diabetes today. With such troubling numbers, no wonder diabetes has become a big concern and a challenge worldwide.
Diabetes is a chronic illness that affects the sugar level of your body. Your blood sugar or glucose is the source of energy for your body cells. Diabetes impairs the way the body processes this glucose with insulin. That is to say, if you have diabetes your body will not be able to produce enough insulin or use it effectively to help the cells absorb the glucose from your blood.
Increasing sugar levels in your bloodstream leads to serious health problems. While a major chunk of the population is struggling with Diabetes each day, many still remain unaware of the causes, symptoms, or treatment of this condition.
So, what happens when you have Diabetes? Let’s understand in detail.
Types of Diabetes
Depending upon the causes and origin, there can be different types of diabetes that can occur. However, not all types of diabetes occur as a result of an inactive lifestyle or obesity. It can be genetic or juvenile.
That being said, the most common type of diabetes includes type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 Diabetes
Typically, diagnosed at a young age, Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system attacks your insulin-producing cells and your body stops producing insulin. Considering the lack of insulin, a person with Type 1 diabetes needs to administer insulin regularly.
According to statistics, about 10% of diabetic patients have Type 1 diabetes. However, there is no cure for Type 1 diabetes. Once diagnosed, you will have to monitor your blood glucose level regularly, inject insulin, and adopt some lifestyle changes to help manage the disease and avoid serious complications.
Type 2 Diabetes
For people with type 2 diabetes, the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or your cells might fail to use it effectively. This is the most common type of diabetes that usually occurs in middle to old age. Moreover, a person may or may not need insulin injections. They can effectively manage the blood sugar level with medication, proper diet, and exercise.
Type 2 diabetes has strong links with obesity and might also be hereditary in some cases. According to CDC, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes may occur gradually over the years, while certain people might not notice any symptoms at all.
Causes of Diabetes
While the right level of blood glucose helps provide enough energy to the body, diabetes causes a spike in glucose levels. Uncontrolled and unmonitored glucose levels can lead to serious complications.
Here are the causes of high blood glucose levels-
- Diet- A diet rich in carbohydrates can lead to an increase in sugar levels. Food items including bread, bagels, sugary baked goods, refined pasta, etc. are high in carbs and should be avoided if you have diabetes.
- Smoking- Smoking can cause fluctuation in blood glucose levels and makes it difficult to keep it within the normal range.
- Sedentary lifestyle- Naturally, an inactive lifestyle can cause a spike in blood sugar levels. Whereas ironically, even excess physical stress and strenuous exercise can lead to increased levels. As a result, people with diabetes are advised to get moderate exercise to maintain their glucose levels.
- Lack of quality sleep- For people with diabetes, it is extremely important to have a healthy sleep schedule. Lack of sleep and an irregular schedule can raise blood sugar levels, causing further health issues.
Cure of Diabetes
While there is no cure for diabetes, it can be controlled and treated with regular medication and some lifestyle changes.
- Therapeutic diet
Creating and following a healthy meal plan is of utmost importance in the management of diabetes. For a diabetic patient, the diet should include highly nutritious, fiber-rich, and low-fat food items. For better results, you can also consider appetite suppressant pills like Calocurb to help maintain your appetite and calorie intake. These 100% plant-based pills curb hunger while fasting and decrease hunger at mealtimes.
- Regular exercise
Since obesity is a contributing factor to diabetes, a person with diabetes should exercise regularly to manage their weight. Moreover, it is also important to avoid overeating as it leads to weight gain.
Apart from taking insulin, there are several medications available to treat diabetes, that are prescribed by doctors to help manage your blood glucose levels and lead a healthier life.
Diabetes is a life-changing condition that has affected many people today. However, through enough awareness about the causes and risk factors, it can be easily treated with a modified diet, exercise, and important lifestyle changes.